Dynamics of Physical and Physicochemical Properties of Urban Soils under the Effect of Ice-Melting Saltsстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 10 апреля 2018 г.

Работа с статьей

[1] Azovtseva N. A., Smagin A. V. Dynamics of physical and physicochemical properties of urban soils under the effect of ice-melting salts // Eurasian Soil Science. — 2018. — Vol. 51, no. 1. — P. 120–129. Physical (water content, density, and air and water regimes) and physicochemical (electrical conductivity,pH, and SAR) properties of urban soils were investigated on test plots of Moscow to evaluate their dynamics under anthropogenic impact. The wilting point and the dependence of the capillary-sorption and total water potentials of the soil water content were determined in laboratory experiments with natural and artificially saline soil samples to evaluate the effect of salt antifreeze substances on water availability for plants under conditions of active application of deicing reagents. Seasonal dynamics of these parameters were investigated. It was found that electrolytes display a steady tendency for the accumulation and redistribution in the root zone rather than for their deep leaching despite humid climatic conditions in Moscow megalopolis. In summer, regular droughts result in drying of the root zone to critical values and to the concentration of electrolytes up to the values that make the total water potential of soil unsuitable for water uptake by roots. The key factor of soil degradation under the impact of electrolytes is the soil dispersity: the finer the texture, the higher the soil salinization and solonetzicity and the stronger irreversible changes in the soil water retention capacity and physical properties. [ DOI ]

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