Факторы, связанные с самооценкой состояния здоровья студентов из 26 стран с низким, средним и высоким уровнем доходов (Factors associated with self-rated health status among university students from 26 low, middle and high income countries)статья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 20 апреля 2016 г.

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[1] Факторы, связанные с самооценкой состояния здоровья студентов из 26 стран с низким, средним и высоким уровнем доходов (factors associated with self-rated health status among university students from 26 low, middle and high income countries) / С. Пенгпид, К. Пелтцер, Т. А. Сэмюэлс, А. Т. Гаспаришвили // Journal of Psychology in Africa. — 2015. — Т. 25, № 5. — С. 448–553. The aim of this study was to investigate self-reported health status and associated factors in low, middle and high income countries. Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected in a cross-sectional survey from 19 811 undergraduate university students (mean age = 20.8, SD = 2.8) from 27 universities in 26 countries across Asia, Africa and the Americas. Results indicate that the overall self-rated health status score was 3.0 (range 1–5). Generally, university students from study countries of the Caribbean, South America and North Africa, Near East and Central Asia had greater self-rated health status scores than students from study countries in Asia. In multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis, older age, coming from an upper middle income or high income country, higher personal control, better mental health (not having sleep problems, and having no or fewer PTSD symptoms), and having normal weight predicted better self-rated health status. Paradoxically, a poor healthy dietary score and low physical activity were also associated with better self-rated health status. In comparing self-rated health status across a large sample of students across many countries, associations were found between sociodemographic, psycho-social and health related variables and self-rated health status.

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