Atmospheric boundary layer as a laboratory for modeling infrasound propagation and scattering in the atmosphereстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 7 июля 2020 г.

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1. Полный текст PDF_PAGEOPH_PAPER_10.1007_s00024-020-02507-y.pdf 5,2 МБ 23 мая 2020 [KULICHKOVSN]

[1] Atmospheric boundary layer as a laboratory for modeling infrasound propagation and scattering in the atmosphere / I. Chunchuzov, S. Kulichkov, O. Popov et al. // Pure and Applied Geophysics. — 2020. — P. 1–17. In this work, we show that large-scale processes of the long-range propagation and scattering of infrasound signals in stratospheric and thermospheric waveguides are to some extent similar to the smaller scale processes of waveguide propagation and scattering of acoustic signals in stably stratified ABL. More- over, we note a resemblance between the zeroth order tropospheric mode and the Lamb mode that is observed for larger nuclear explosions. The results of physical modeling of the long-range propagation of infrasound signals in the atmosphere by studying the propagation of the acoustic pulses from detonation sources in the stably stratified atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) are presented. Such modeling became possible due to continuous measurement of the wind velocity and temperature profiles in the ABL by Doppler sodar and temperature profiler, respectively. The resemblance between the propagation of the infrasound signals from surface explosions (20–70 t TNT) in the ‘‘shallow’’ tropospheric wave guide and propagation of Lamb mode from nuclear explosions is found. Also, the propagation of infrasound signals in the strato- spheric wave guide is modeled by studying the propagation of acoustic pulses in the ABL during morning hours (after sunrise), when an effective sound speed profile in the ABL is similar to that in the stratospheric wave guide. The instantaneous vertical profiles of the effective sound speed and wind velocity fluctuations in the thin layers of the stably stratified ABL located at different heights (up to 700 m) above the ground and at different distances from the source (up to 2.25 km) have been retrieved using the wave forms and travel times of the recorded arrivals of the acoustic pulses from the detonation sources. The effect of scattering of acoustic pulses from the fine-scale layered structure of the stably stratified ABL is studied to model the effect of scattering of infrasound signals from the fine-scale layered structure of the stratosphere. [ DOI ]

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