Hydrodynamic modeling of urban flooding taking into account detailed data about city infrastructureтезисы доклада

Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 21 сентября 2017 г.

Работа с тезисами доклада

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1. Полный текст EGU2017-11368.pdf 32,4 КБ 8 мая 2017 [kin]

[1] Hydrodynamic modeling of urban flooding taking into account detailed data about city infrastructure / В. В. Беликов, С. Норин, А. Алексюк et al. // European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2017. — Vol. 19 of Geophysical Research Abstracts. — Germany: Germany, 2017. — P. 11368–11368. Flood waves moving across urban areas have specific features. Thus, the linear objects of infrastructure (such as embankments, roads, dams) can change the direction of flow, block the water movement. On the contrary, paved avenues and wide streets in the cities contribute to the concentration of flood waters. Buildings create an additional resistance to the movement of water, which depends on the urban density and the type of constructions, this effect cannot be completely described by Manning's resistance law. In addition, part of the earth surface, occupied by buildings, is excluded from the flooded area, which results in a substantial (relative to undeveloped areas) increase of the depth of flooding, especially for unsteady flow conditions. An approach to numerical simulation of urban areas flooding that consists in direct allocating of all buildings and structures on the computational grid are proposed. This can be done in almost full automatic way with usage of modern software. Real geometry of all objects of infrastructure can be taken into account on the base of highly detailed digital maps and satellite images. The calculations based on two-dimensional Saint-Venant equations on irregular adaptive computational meshes, which can contain millions of cells and take into account tens of thousands of buildings and other objects of infrastructure. Obtained as result of modeling flood maps can be use as the basis for the damage and risk assessment. The main advantage of the developed method is high-precision calculations, realistic modeling results and appropriate graphical display of the flood dynamics and dam-break wave’s propagation on urban areas. Verification of this method has been done on the experimental data and real events simulations, including catastrophic flooding of the Krymsk city in 2012 year.

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