Thermal properties of graphite intercalation compounds with acidsстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Thermal properties of graphite intercalation compounds with acids / N. V. Maksimova, N. E. Sorokina, O. N. Shornikova, V. V. Avdeev // Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids. — 2004. — Vol. 65. — P. 177–180. This work is devoted to systematic thermal analysis of first to fifth stages of binary graphite intercalation compounds (GIC) with HNO3 and ternary GICs with HNO3–R (R ј CH3COOH, H3PO4) by simultaneous TG–DSC thermoanalyses (Netzsch). Thermolysis of GIC leads to the full deintercalation of acid and significant expansion of samples. The thermal properties of co-intercalated GICs-HNO3-R and the thermal expanding coefficient of GIC depend on the nature of the intercalate. The endopeak at 110–150 8C corresponds to the loss of nitric acid was observed in DSC- curve of binary second to fifth stages of GICs with HNO3. A wide endopeak which is characterized by the increasing of decomposition temperature in comparison with GIC-HNO3 was observed in DSC—curve of ternary GIC with HNO3–CH3COOH. Thus, acetic acid stabilizes the graphite nitrate matrix. Two endoeffects due to the deintercalation of HNO3 (110–180 8C) and H3PO4 (450–800 8C) were observed in the DSC-curves of co-intercalated GICs with HNO3–H3PO4 of second and third stages. The value of decomposition heat рDHЮ and weight loss decrease with the increasing of the stage number of GICs. The values of DH are equal to 0.40–14.8 kJ/g-at C. [ DOI ]

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